Astringent { uh-strin-juh nt }
Tasting term noting the harsh, bitter, and drying sensations in the mouth caused by high levels of tannin.
Blush { bluhsh }
A wine made from red grapes but which appears pink or salmon in color because the grape skins were removed from the fermenting juice before more color could be imparted; more commonly referred to as rose.
Cabernet { kab-er-ney }
Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectrum of climates from Canada's Okanagan Valley to Lebanon's Beqaa Valley.
Chardonnay { shahr-dn-ey }
Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used to make white wine. It originated in the Burgundy wine region of eastern France but is now grown wherever wine is produced, from England to New Zealand.
Gamay { ga-mey }
Gamay is a purple-colored grape variety used to make red wines, most notably grown in Beaujolais and in the Loire Valley around Tours. Its full name is Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc. It is a very old cultivar, mentioned as long ago as the 15th century.
Gewürztraminer { guh-voo rts-truh-mee-ner }
Gewürztraminer is an aromatic wine grape variety, used in white wines, and performs best in cooler climates. In English, it is sometimes referred to colloquially as Gewürz, and in French it is written Gewurztraminer.
Ice Wine
Ice wine is an ultra-rich, super sweet dessert wine made from the intense liquid of naturally frozen grapes. The tradition of making ice wine is well-rooted in Austria and Germany (locally known as "eiswein"); however, Canada has got the current claim to ice wine-making fame, with the majority of the market's ice wine offerings coming from British Columbia and Ontario.
Merlot { mur-loh }
Merlot is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines.
Pinot Noir { pee-noh nwahr }
Pinot noir is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from Pinot noir grapes.
Riesling { reez-ling }
Riesling is a white grape variety which originated in the Rhine region of Germany. Riesling is an aromatic grape variety displaying flowery, almost perfumed, aromas as well as high acidity.
Vinifera { vahy-nif-er-uh }
Vitis vinifera is a species of Vitis, native to the Mediterranean region, central Europe, and southwestern Asia, from Morocco and Portugal north to southern Germany and east to northern Iran.